“When students think poorly while learning, they learn poorly. When they think well while learning, they learn well. For example, every student comes into your classes with some habits of thinking. Without some encouragement and help in learning to think as a critic of their thinking, the students will simply process the content of your course through their typical thinking. If rote memorization is the process they have come to use to "learn" content in the past, then they will use rote memorization in your course”.
Paul Richard, with A. J. A. Binker. (1995). "Glossary: A guide to critical thinking terms and concepts;" in Critical thinking: How to prepare students for a rapidly changing world, define the qualities of a critical thinker:
INTELLECTUAL VIRTUES: They include: intellectual sense of justice, intellectual perseverance, intellectual integrity, intellectual humility, intellectual empathy, intellectual courage, (intellectual) confidence in reason, and intellectual autonomy.
Norman Pantling and his team have been offering an AS course in Critical Thinking at Taunton's College in Southampton since the OCR piloted it in 1999.
After completing classes at college, students from Cantell School in Southampton decided to extend this challenge to their head teacher. They presented such a persuasive argument to him that he had no option but to allow them to enter the AS-level critical thinking exam. They all passed”.